Banten Province is known for its historical heritage. In the province, which was established on 17 October 2000, there was also a Sultanate of Banten, which reached its peak during the reign of Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa in 1651-1682.
There are two palaces in Banten as an inheritance of the Sultanate. The palaces once were used as a residence of the Sultan and his family and a place for the sultans to lead the Sultanate of Banten. Unfortunately, these two palaces had been destroyed. There are only a few remaining relics that you can see and now have become a tourist attraction. So, what are those palaces?
Surosowan Palace was built around 1522-1526 during the reign of Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin. He was the founder of the Sultanate of Banten. This palace was used as a residence for the sultan and his family, along with his followers. In addition, this palace was also a center of the government to rule its sultanate.
The Surosowan Palace was destructed by the Dutch in 1680, during the reign of Sultan Haji. The palace was then rebuilt with a 2-meter high fortress wall with a width of 5 meters as seen today. This high wall firstly aimed to minimize the impact of the Dutch attack.
Unfortunately, the Surosowan Palace was destroyed again by the Dutch in 1813. This destruction was stemmed from Sultan Haji’s rejection to construct the Anyer – Panarukan Road. Finally, this incident caused the Sultan and his family to leave the palace.
By the way, what makes this palace unique is that in the middle, there is a pool which previously dedicated to the sultan’s daughters for their rest or bath. The place is named Bale Kambang Rara Denok. The water that flowed to the pool was from Tasikardi Lake.
Times have changed, the Surosowan Palace that once looked magnificent and sturdy as the residence of the sultan and his family is now incomplete and does not look like the place to live. Even so, the history of the palace will always be remembered and become the pride of the people of Banten.
Now the palace is decorated with some attractive decorations. Many nice benches and lamps are provided around this palace. So, while you are looking at the palace’s remnants, you can also enjoy your snacks and drinks that you bring along from home. Visiting Surosowan Palace is even more interesting as you can enjoy the view while getting to know its histories.
The Kaibon Palace
When I entered the Kawasan Wisata Banten Lama or Old Banten Tourism Area, it was the Kaibon Palace that I first saw. The palace is like your typical house with doors and fences surrounding the area. Indeed, this palace is not complete anymore, but I took the time to see the remnants and imagine what it looked like around its glorious time.
Meanwhile, Kaibon means motherly in the local language. Seeing from its name, this palace was actually built for Sultan Safiuddin’s mother, Ratu Aisyah (Queen Aisyah). At that time, Sultan Safiuddin, as the 21st Sultan of Banten, was very young to lead. Thus, this palace was built like a mother’s gentle and loving that was ready to accompany her child to lead the people.
The Kaibon Palace was built in 1815. However, in 1832 the palace was destroyed by the Dutch Government. The main reason was because Sultan Safiuddin refused to continue Anyer – Panarukan Road project, which was governed by Governor-General Daendels. Hmm.. That’s too bad!
That was the two palaces in Banten as the inheritance of the Sultanate of Banten. The very magnificent and sturdy palaces which must be preserved and remembered by the local. By the way, the Kaibon Palace is located in Kroya Village, Kasemen District and Surosowan Palace is just 400 meters away from The Great Mosque of Banten.